Higher Dietary Calcium Intakes Are Associated With Reduced Risks of Fractures, Cardiovascular Events, and Mortality: A Prospective Cohort Study of Older Men and Women
Belal Khan, Caryl A Nowson, Robin M Daly, Dallas R English, Allison M Hodge, Graham G Giles, Peter R Ebeling
JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH | WILEY | Published : 2015
The aim of this population-based, prospective cohort study was to investigate long-term associations between dietary calcium intake and fractures, non-fatal cardiovascular disease (CVD), and death from all causes. Participants were from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study, which was established in 1990 to 1994. A total of 41,514 men and women (∼99% aged 40 to 69 years at baseline) were followed up for a mean (SD) of 12 (1.5) years. Primary outcome measures were time to death from all causes (n = 2855), CVD-related deaths (n = 557), cerebrovascular disease-related deaths (n = 139), incident non-fatal CVD (n = 1827), incident stroke events (n = 537), and incident fractures (n = 788). A to..View full abstract
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Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council
Awarded by Heart Foundation, Australia
Funding for the study was granted by The National Health and Medical Research Council (209057,251533) and Heart Foundation, Australia (G09M4400). The funding sources were not involved in study design, conduct or interpretation of the study, or in the writing of the submitted work.