Journal article

FACTOR MODELS FOR ASSESSING THE RELATION BETWEEN CREATIVITY AND INTELLIGENCE

J HATTIE, HJ ROGERS

JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY | AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC | Published : 1986

Abstract

In this article, it is demonstrated that the usual first-order factor model is inappropriate for analyzing the factor structure of creativity and intelligence tests. An alternative model that allows for the estimation of unique covariances between the fluency and originality scores is proposed. Seven data sets are used to compare the fit of this model to the alternative model, whereby the unique covariances are constrained to be zero. The model with unconstrained unique covariances is supported, and when this model is used, creativity and intelligence are more readily recognized as separate dimensions. © 1986 American Psychological Association.