Journal article

Relationships Between Substance Use and Depressive Symptoms: A Longitudinal Study of Australian Adolescents

Kirsty E Scholes-Balog, Sheryl A Hemphill, George C Patton, John W Toumbourou

The Journal of Early Adolescence | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2015

Abstract

This study examined longitudinal relationships between depressive symptoms and use of alcohol, cigarettes, and illicit substances among adolescents, addressing methodological limitations and potential confounding in the extant literature. The sample comprised adolescents who were surveyed in Grades 6 (n = 916), 9 (n = 804), and 11 (n = 791). Cross-lagged path analyses were used to examine bi-directional relationships between substance use and depressive symptoms. Early adolescent depressive symptoms predicted mid-adolescent cigarette, alcohol, and illicit substance use (the latter among females only). Mid-adolescent depressive symptoms predicted late adolescent illicit substance use (females..

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Grants

Awarded by National Institute on Drug Abuse


Awarded by National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse


Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council


Awarded by Australian Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The authors are grateful for the financial support provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01-DA012140-05) for International Youth Development Study (IYDS) data collection, and the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse (R01AA017188-01) and the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (Project 491241) for funding data analysis and paper writing on the IYDS. Continued data collection in Victoria, Australia, has been supported by two Australian Research Council Discovery Projects (DPO663371 and DPO877359).