Journal article

DEVELOPMENT OF A LARGE FIBROMUSCULAR INTIMAL THICKENING DOES NOT IMPAIR ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXATION IN THE RABBIT CAROTID-ARTERY

TM COCKS, JA MANDERSON, PRL MOSSE, GR CAMPBELL, JA ANGUS

BLOOD VESSELS | KARGER | Published : 1987

Abstract

The release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) was examined in the rabbit carotid artery 6 weeks after denudation with an inflated balloon catheter in vivo. A concentric, fibromuscular intimal thickening of variable width developed in all areas lined with either regenerated endothelium or modified luminal smooth muscle cells. In vitro studies showed that in vessels precontracted with serotonin, only the re-endothelialized areas could relax to the endothelium-dependent dilators methacholine, substance P and the Ca2+ ionophore A23187. Re-endothelialized areas with large concentric, fibromuscular intimal thickening (between 10 and 20 cells thick) relaxed with a similar sensitivity an..

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University of Melbourne Researchers