Journal article

EVIDENCE FOR A SUPERANTIGEN MEDIATED PROCESS IN KAWASAKI-DISEASE

N CURTIS, R ZHENG, JR LAMB, M LEVIN

Archives of Disease in Childhood | BRITISH MED JOURNAL PUBL GROUP | Published : 1995

Abstract

The clinical, pathological, and immunological similarities between Kawasaki disease and the staphylococcal and streptococcal toxic shock syndromes suggest that a superantigen toxin may be involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. The V beta repertoire of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 21 children with Kawasaki disease, 28 children with other illnesses, and 22 healthy controls were examined using monoclonal antibodies to V beta 2, 5, 8, 12, and 19. The mean percentage of V beta 2 expressing T cells in the patients with Kawasaki disease was increased when compared with healthy controls or children with other illnesses. The mean percentages of V beta 5, 8, 12, and 19 expressing T ce..

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