Journal article

Multiple sclerosis in Australia: prognostic factors

SR Hammond, JG McLeod, P Macaskill, DR English

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE | CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE | Published : 2000

Abstract

In order to determine the influence of age of onset, sex, onset symptoms, clinical course and interval from onset to first relapse on the subsequent outcome of multiple sclerosis (MS), data from 2934 cases of MS documented in a large population based study undertaken in Australia have been analysed. Disability on prevalence day (30 June 1981) was defined on the Kurtzke disability scale as mild (DSS 0-3), moderate (DSS 4-6) and severe (DSS 7-9). Prognostic factors associated with mild vs moderate/severe, and moderate vs severe disability on prevalence day were identified by logistic regression analysis. A worse prognosis was significantly associated with older age of onset, progressive diseas..

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