Journal article

Maculatin 1.1, an anti-microbial peptide from the Australian tree frog, Litoria genimaculata - Solution structure and biological activity

BCS Chia, JA Carver, TD Mulhern, JH Bowie

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY | BLACKWELL SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2000

Abstract

The dorsal glands of Australian tree frogs from the Litoria species contain a diversity of antibiotic peptides that forms part of the defence system of the animal. Here, the antibiotic activity and structure of maculatin 1.1, a 21 amino acid peptide from Litoria genimaculata, are compared. The activity data on maculatin 1.1 and a series of its analogues imply that the mechanism of action of maculatin 1.1 involves binding to, and subsequent lysis of, the bacterial cell membrane. The structure of maculatin 1.1 was determined using NMR spectroscopy in a trifluoroethanol/water mixture and when incorporated into dodecylphosphocholine micelles. Under both conditions, the peptide adopts a very simi..

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University of Melbourne Researchers