Journal article

Elective Decompression of the Left Ventricle in Pediatric Patients May Reduce the Duration of Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Douglas F Hacking, Derek Best, Yves d'Udekem, Christian P Brizard, Igor E Konstantinov, Johnny Millar, Warwick Butt

Artificial Organs | WILEY | Published : 2015

Abstract

We aimed to determine the effect of elective left heart decompression at the time of initiation of central venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) on VA ECMO duration and clinical outcomes in children in a single tertiary ECMO referral center with a large pediatric population from a national referral center for pediatric cardiac surgery. We studied 51 episodes of VA ECMO in a historical cohort of 49 pediatric patients treated between the years 1990 and 2013 in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne. The cases had a variety of diagnoses including congenital cardiac abnormalities, sepsis, myocarditis, and cardiomyopathy. Left he..

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