Molecular subtypes, stem cells and heterogeneity: Implications for personalised therapy in glioma
Andrew Morokoff, Wayne Ng, Andrew Gogos, Andrew Kaye
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2015
We discuss a number of recent developments that have led to new concepts regarding the biology of gliomas. Collective tissue banking, large-scale genomic, transcriptomic and methylomic expression profiling, and discoveries such as isocitrate dehydrogenase gene mutation and the C-phosphate-G island methylation phenotype have improved glioma classification schemes. Furthermore, the discovery of glioma stem cells has both enhanced and complicated our understanding. Gene signatures describing a proneural versus mesenchymal subtype within glioblastoma multiforme is reflected in both parental tumour as well as glioma stem cells and correlates with differential prognosis and response to radiation a..View full abstract
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The authors would like to thank the Royal Melbourne Hospital Neuroscience Foundation and the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons for support.