Journal article

Water deprivation increases the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) but not orexin-A in the lateral hypothalamic area of the rat

ST Yao, S Gouraud, JFR Paton, D Murphy

JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY | WILEY | Published : 2005

Abstract

The discovery that the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) might be important in modulating drinking behavior and fluid balance has led to numerous studies aimed at identifying the key neurotransmitters/neuromodulators and pathways involved. While past studies have demonstrated the presence of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) within the LHA, its role in the regulation of fluid homeostasis is not known. In light of this, and the mounting evidence suggesting a role for nitric oxide in osmotic regulation within the hypothalamus, this study sought to determine the effects of 24- and 72-hours of water deprivation on nNOS protein expression within the LHA of the rat with immunohistochemistry. In ..

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