Journal article

Muscle strength and areal bone mineral density at the hip in women: a cross-sectional study

Julie A Pasco, Kara L Holloway, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, David J Moloney, Mark A Kotowicz

BMC MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS | BIOMED CENTRAL LTD | Published : 2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Muscle strengthening exercises are promoted for building and maintaining a healthy skeleton. We aimed to investigate the relationship between muscle strength and areal bone mineral density (BMD) at the hip in women aged 26-97 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilises data from 863 women assessed for the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. Measures of hip flexor and abductor strength were made using a hand-held dynamometer (Nicholas Manual Muscle Tester). The maximal measure from three trials on each leg was used for analyses. BMD was measured at the hip using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA; Lunar DPX-L). Total lean mass, body fat mass and appendicular lean mass were dete..

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Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Awarded by NHMRC Early Career Fellowship


Funding Acknowledgements

The study was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC, projects 251638 and 628582) and the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation, but they played no part in the design or conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript. SLB-O is supported by NHMRC Early Career Fellowship (1012472).