Journal article

Intravenous morphine causes hypertension, hyperglycaemia and increases sympatho-adrenal outflow in conscious rabbits.

CN May, IW Ham, KE Heslop, FA Stone, CJ Mathias

Clin Sci (Lond) | Published : 1988


1. In conscious rabbits, intravenous morphine (3 mg/kg) caused hypertension, bradycardia, hyperglycaemia and sedation. These changes were accompanied by large increases in plasma adrenaline and smaller increases in plasma noradrenaline. 2. These effects of morphine were prevented by intravenous naloxone, demonstrating their dependence on stimulation of opiate receptors. 3. Pretreatment with the antihistamines cimetidine and chlorpheniramine enhanced the morphine-induced rise in blood pressure, excluding a role for histamine release in the hypertensive action of morphine. 4. The centrally acting alpha 2-adrenergic agonist clonidine prevented the morphine-induced hypertension and rise in plasm..

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University of Melbourne Researchers