Journal article

Tick-borne diseases of bovines in Pakistan: major scope for future research and improved control

Abdul Jabbar, Tariq Abbas, Zia-ud-Din Sandhu, Hafiz A Saddiqi, Muhammad F Qamar, Robin B Gasser

Parasites and Vectors | BMC | Published : 2015

Abstract

Ticks and tick-borne diseases (TBDs) affect the productivity of bovines in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, leading to a significant adverse impact on the livelihoods of resource-poor farming communities. Globally, four main TBDs, namely anaplasmosis, babesiosis, theileriosis, and cowdriosis (heartwater) affect bovines, and the former three are of major economic importance in bovines in Pakistan. Given that the livestock sector has become an integral part of Pakistan's economy and a large number of dairy cattle are being imported into the country, in order to meet an increasing demand of milk and milk products, it is timely to review current status of bovine TBDs in Pakistan an..

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Funding Acknowledgements

This manuscript was prepared for an invited presentation at the International Conference on Advances in Parasitology and Public Health (ICAPPH-2014) at the College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Jhang, Pakistan (22-24 October 2014). A travel grant from the Higher Education of Commission, Islamabad, Pakistan to visit Pakistan is gratefully acknowledged (A.J.).