Journal article

The Influence of Social Disadvantage on Children's Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties at Age 4-7 Years

Emily Steele, Evelyn Wong, Amalia Karahalios, Shae Johnson, Karen Weston, Peter Kremer, Andrea de silva, Elise Davis, Terry Nolan, Elizabeth Waters



OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between indicators of social disadvantage and emotional and behavioral difficulties in children aged 4-7 years. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was based on data collected in a questionnaire completed by parents of children enrolled in their first year of school in Victoria, Australia, in 2010. Just over 57000 children participated (86% of children enrolled), of whom complete data were available for 38955 (68% of the dataset); these children formed the analysis sample. The outcome measure was emotional and behavioral difficulties, assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Total Difficulties score. Logistic regression analyses were un..

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Funding Acknowledgements

Study was undertaken under the auspices of a 4-year research partnership between the Melbourne School of Population and Global Health at the University of Melbourne. E.S. is partially funded through a research partnership contract between the Melbourne School of Population Health and Department of Education and Training (DET). K.W. is a senior official within DET. The findings and views reported in this paper are those of the authors and should not be attributed to DET or any other branch of the Victorian government. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.