Journal article

Childhood hepatitis C virus infection: An Australian national surveillance study of incident cases over five years

Camille Raynes-Greenow, Suzanne Polis, Elizabeth Elliott, Winita Hardikar, Alison Kesson, John Kaldor, Cheryl A Jones



AIM: An estimated 1.1% of Australian adults are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Many develop chronic liver disease, and some develop liver failure or hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV infection in Australian children is poorly defined. We aimed to determine the reported incidence, clinical and epidemiological features of newly diagnosed HCV infection in Australian children presenting to paediatricians. METHODS: We undertook prospective active national surveillance, using the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit, of incident HCV cases in children aged <15 years between 1(st) January 2003, and 31(st) December 2007. RESULTS: There were 45 confirmed cases of newly diagnosed HCV infection o..

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Awarded by NHMRC

Awarded by Practitioner Fellowship

Awarded by ARC

Awarded by Australian Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

We wish to thank all paediatricians participating in APSU surveillance who reported cases of HCV. APSU research activities are supported by the Australian Department of Health; the NHMRC: Enabling Grant No: 402784 and Practitioner Fellowship No: 1021480 (E. Elliott); ARC Linkage Project Grant (LP110200277); the Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, Sydney Medical School, the University of Sydney; the Kids Research Institute, Children's Hospital at Westmead; and the Royal Australasian College of Physicians.