Journal article

Nerve growth factor signaling through p75 induces apoptosis in Schwann cells via a Bcl-2-independent pathway

M Soilu-Hanninen, P Ekert, T Bucci, D Syroid, PF Bartlett, TJ Kilpatrick

JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE | SOC NEUROSCIENCE | Published : 1999

Abstract

Apoptosis is involved in the regulation of Schwann cell numbers during normal development and after axonal damage, but the molecular regulation of Schwann cell death remains unknown. We have used stably transfected rat Schwann cell lines to study the potential roles of nerve growth factor (NGF), the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 and the cytokine response modifier A (CrmA) in modulating Schwann cell death in vitro. Bcl-2 inhibited Schwann cell apoptosis induced by survival factor withdrawal, whereas CrmA did not. In contrast, Bcl-2-transfected Schwann cells were susceptible to apoptosis in response to exogenous NGF, whereas CrmA-expressing cell lines were resistant. Demonstration of high levels..

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