Journal article

The Antarctic ozone hole during 2012

AR Klekociuk, MB Tully, PB Krummel, HP Gies, SP Alexander, PJ Fraser, SI Henderson, J Javorniczky, SV Petelina, JD Shanklin, R Schofield, KA Stone

AUSTRALIAN METEOROLOGICAL AND OCEANOGRAPHIC JOURNAL | AUSTRALIAN BUREAU METEOROLOGY | Published : 2014

Abstract

We review the 2012 Antarctic ozone hole, making use of various meteorological reanalyses, remotely sensed ozone measurements and ground-based measurements of ultra-violet radiation. Based on analysis of 33 years of satellite records, we find that the ozone hole of 2012 was one of the least severe since the late 1980s in terms of maximum area, minimum ozone level and total ozone deficit. In particular, the estimated integrated ozone mass effectively depleted within the ozone hole of 2012 was approximately 720 Mt, which is the 12th smallest deficit on record and 28 per cent of the peak deficit observed in 2006. The key factor in limiting the extent of Antarctic ozone loss in 2012 was the relat..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by Australian Antarctic Science programme


Funding Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the Department of Environment for support of this work, and the assistance of the following people: Jeff Ayton and the Australian Antarctic Division's Antarctic Medical Practitioners in collecting the solar UV data, Nada Derek of CSIRO for preparation of figures, BoM observers for collecting upper air measurements, expeditioners of the British Antarctic Survey for collecting the Halley measurements, and the staff at the Cape Grim Baseline Station, Tasmania, for the collection of ODS data. Odin is currently a third-party mission for the European Space Agency. OSIRIS operations and data retrievals are primarily supported by the Canadian Space Agency. The OMI ozone data are courtesy of the Ozone Processing Team at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Aura/MLS data used in this study were acquired as part of the NASA's Earth-Sun System Division and archived and distributed by the Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC). UKMO data were obtained from the British Atmospheric Data Centre (http://badc.nerc.ac.uk). NCEP Reanalysis-2 data were obtained from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Earth System Research laboratory, Physical Sciences Division. Part of this work was performed under Projects 737 and 4012 of the Australian Antarctic Science programme.