Reducing the burden of road traffic injury: translating high-income country interventions to middle-income and low-income countries
M Stevenson, J Yu, D Hendrie, L-P Li, R Ivers, Y Zhou, S Su, R Norton
INJURY PREVENTION | B M J PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2008
OBJECTIVE: To increase seat belt restraint use in Guangzhou City, People's Republic of China. DESIGN: Comparison group pre-test, post-test design. SETTING: Guangzhou City. INTERVENTIONS: Interventions to increase the prevalence of seat belt use in high-income countries (enhanced training and enforcement practices along with raising of public awareness) were adapted and implemented in Guangzhou. The prevalence of seat belt use was determined before and after the introduction of the 12-month intervention. Seat belt prevalence was also examined over the same time period in the neighboring city of Nanning, and an incremental cost-effectiveness analysis of the intervention was undertaken. MAIN OU..View full abstract
The Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China, Guangzhou Traffic Command and Control Center and the World Health Organization supported this intervention. We thank BP and The George Foundation for International Health for funding the intervention and Dr Zhang Junhua, Dr Li Gongli, and the roadside observers for their assistance. We are grateful to Roma Keswani for research assistance and Dr Stephen Jan for helpful comments, and also to Assistant Commissioner (retired) Ray Shuey. MS is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council Fellowship, and RI by a National Health and Medical Research Council Career Development Award.