Journal article

Microorganism lipid droplets and biofuel development

Yingmei Liu, Congyan Zhang, Xipeng Shen, Xuelin Zhang, Simon Cichello, Hongbin Guan, Pingsheng Liu

BMB Reports | KOREAN SOCIETY BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | Published : 2013

Abstract

Lipid droplet (LD) is a cellular organelle that stores neutral lipids as a source of energy and carbon. However, recent research has emerged that the organelle is involved in lipid synthesis, transportation, and metabolism, as well as mediating cellular protein storage and degradation. With the exception of multi-cellular organisms, some unicellular microorganisms have been observed to contain LDs. The organelle has been isolated and characterized from numerous organisms. Triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation in LDs can be in excess of 50% of the dry weight in some microorganisms, and a maximum of 87% in some instances. These microorganisms include eukaryotes such as yeast and green algae as we..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by Ministry of Science and Technology of China


Awarded by National Natural Science Foundation of China


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by grant 2011CBA00906 and grant 2011CBA00907 from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and grant 31100854 from National Natural Science Foundation of China.