Microorganism lipid droplets and biofuel development
Yingmei Liu, Congyan Zhang, Xipeng Shen, Xuelin Zhang, Simon Cichello, Hongbin Guan, Pingsheng Liu
BMB Reports | KOREAN SOCIETY BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | Published : 2013
Lipid droplet (LD) is a cellular organelle that stores neutral lipids as a source of energy and carbon. However, recent research has emerged that the organelle is involved in lipid synthesis, transportation, and metabolism, as well as mediating cellular protein storage and degradation. With the exception of multi-cellular organisms, some unicellular microorganisms have been observed to contain LDs. The organelle has been isolated and characterized from numerous organisms. Triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation in LDs can be in excess of 50% of the dry weight in some microorganisms, and a maximum of 87% in some instances. These microorganisms include eukaryotes such as yeast and green algae as we..View full abstract
Awarded by Ministry of Science and Technology of China
Awarded by National Natural Science Foundation of China
This work was supported by grant 2011CBA00906 and grant 2011CBA00907 from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and grant 31100854 from National Natural Science Foundation of China.