Journal article

Bacteria May Cope Differently from Similar Membrane Damage Caused by the Australian Tree Frog Antimicrobial Peptide Maculatin 1.1

Marc-Antoine Sani, Sonia Troeira Henriques, Daniel Weber, Frances Separovic

JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY | AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC | Published : 2015

Abstract

Maculatin 1.1 (Mac1) is an antimicrobial peptide from the skin of Australian tree frogs and is known to possess selectivity toward Gram-positive bacteria. Although Mac1 has membrane disrupting activity, it is not known how Mac1 selectively targets Gram-positive over Gram-negative bacteria. The interaction of Mac1 with Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and human red blood cells (hRBC) and with their mimetic model membranes is here reported. The peptide showed a 16-fold greater growth inhibition activity against S. aureus (4 μM) than against E. coli (64 μM) and an intermediate cytotoxicity against hRBC (30 μM). Surprisingly, Sytox Green uptake monitored by flow cytometry showed that Mac..

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