Journal article

Comparison of set-shifting ability in patients with chronic schizophrenia and frontal lobe damage

C Pantelis, FZ Barber, TRE Barnes, HE Nelson, AM Owen, TW Robbins

SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 1999

Abstract

Neuropsychological studies of patients with schizophrenia have consistently identified deficits on tests sensitive to frontal lobe function. One paradigm that has been widely used is that of attentional set-shifting using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). In the present study, patients with chronic schizophrenia and with frontal lobe lesions were assessed on a computerised set-shifting task that provides a componential analysis of the WCST by distinguishing between intra-dimensional and extra-dimensional set-shifting. Out of 51 patients with schizophrenia, those with high IQ (n =24) were compared with patients with lesions in prefrontal cortex (n = 22) and with normal control subjects ..

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