Vesicle shape and amino acids in synaptic inputs to phrenic motoneurons: Do all inputs contain either glutamate or GABA?
SM Murphy, PM Pilowsky, IJ LlewellynSmith
JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY | WILEY | Published : 1996
Varicosities that made synapses or direct contacts with retrogradely labelled rat phrenic motoneurons were examined for their content of immunoreactivity for either glutamate or glutamate decarboxylase, the enzyme involved in synthesis of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Phrenic motoneurons were identified by retrograde tracing from the diaphragm with cholera toxin B subunit conjugated to horseradish peroxidase. Cell bodies and medium-sized to large dendrites were labelled. Preembedding immunocytochemistry identified glutamate decarboxylase-immunoreactive nerve fibres; glutamate-immunoreactive nerve terminals were identified using postembedding immunogold labelling of ultrathin sections. The ..View full abstract