Journal article

Sample-size calculation for a log-transformed outcome measure

R Wolfe, JB Carlin

CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIALS | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 1999

Abstract

The outcome measure of interest in clinical trials sometimes requires transformation to the logarithmic scale for analysis. This paper examines sample-size calculation for both independent groups and matched-pairs trials for log-transformed outcomes. For both types of trial, we demonstrate how the calculation can be formulated in terms of a relative treatment effect and a statement of relative variability, both specified on the original scale of measurement. For a comparison of two independent groups, the relative treatment effect is the ratio of group geometric means (or alternatively, group arithmetic means) and the coefficient of variation is used as a summary of relative variability. For..

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