Journal article

Distress at induction of anaesthesia in children. A survey of incidence, associated factors and recovery characteristics

RJ Holm-Knudsen, JB Carlin, IM McKenzie

PAEDIATRIC ANAESTHESIA | BLACKWELL SCIENCE LTD | Published : 1998

Abstract

This study analysed the frequency of distress at induction (DAI) in 2122 paediatric patients. The data were analysed to assess predictors of DAI and to examine associations between predictors of DAI and recovery characteristics. Patient age, preoperative behaviour, premedication (oral midazolam, n = 480) and venue for anaesthesia induction were associated with changes in the incidence of DAI. Distressed preoperative behaviour was a good predictor of DAI in all age groups. Premedication reduced the incidence of DAI in children aged 0.5-2 years old, and in older children who were distressed preoperatively. Induction in the Day Surgery Unit was associated with a reduction of the incidence of DA..

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