Journal article

Anti-apoptotic potential of insect cellular and viral IAPs in mammalian cells

CJ Hawkins, PG Ekert, AG Uren, SP Holmgreen, DL Vaux

CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION | STOCKTON PRESS | Published : 1998

Abstract

IAPs were identified as baculoviral proteins that could inhibit the apoptotic response of insect cells to infection. Of the viral IAPs, OpIAP and CpIAP can inhibit apoptosis, whereas AcIAP cannot. OpIAP and some mammalian homologues can inhibit mammalian cell death. Two mammalian IAPs bind to TNFRII associated factors (TRAFs), but the significance of this is unclear. Here we show that Drosophila cellular IAPs and two baculoviral IAPs (OpIAP and CpIAP) can inhibit mammalian cell death induced by overexpression of Caspases 1 and 2. IAPs must act on conserved components of the apoptotic mechanism, but as none of these IAPs could bind TRAF proteins, TRAFs are not likely to be important for IAP m..

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University of Melbourne Researchers