Book Chapter

Inhibitor of apoptosis proteins and caspases

JY Yu, J Silke, PG Ekert

Apoptosis, Cell Signaling, and Human Diseases | Published : 2007

Abstract

Inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) were first identified as insect viral proteins that block host cell apoptosis. Cellular homologs bearing the characteristic baculoviral IAP repeat (BIR) domain have now been found in all metazoans and have more diverse functions than their name suggests. Some cellular IAPs do, in fact, inhibit apoptosis, in part at least by directly inhibiting cysteine proteases, called caspases, that are ultimately responsible for killing a cell. The primary aim of this chapter is to explore the intricate regulation of caspases by IAPs, and the exquisite counter regulation of IAPs by antagonist proteins. Interest in IAPs extends beyond apoptosis pathways and recent ev..

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University of Melbourne Researchers