Book Chapter

How families are doing nine years after welfare reform: 2005 evidence from the three-city study

B Frogner, R Moffitt, DC Ribar

Welfare Reform and its Long-Term Consequences for America's Poor | Published : 2009


Introduction. Much of what we understand about economic outcomes associated with welfare reform comes from studies of families who were initially on welfare and who left after welfare reform (“leaver” studies), from studies of lowincome families in the first few years after reform, and from randomized trial evaluations conducted at around the time of the reform. Blank (2002) reviewed numerous studies that indicated that employment and labor supply for disadvantaged families increased in the immediate aftermath of welfare reform. She also reported that the evidence regarding impacts on incomes and well-being was generally positive, although the leaver studies showed smaller gains. More recent..

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