Journal article

The role of dendritic cell alterations in susceptibility to hospital-acquired infections during critical-illness related immunosuppression

Antoine Roquilly, Jose A Villadangos

Molecular Immunology | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2015

Abstract

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a common condition in critically ill patients. SIRS is characterized by alteration of both innate and adaptive immunity and causes protracted immunosupression, exposing the patients to severe secondary infections. Dendritic cells (DCs), which play a pivotal role bridging innate and T cell-dependent immunity, exhibit prolonged alterations after SIRS. In an early phase, SIRS causes depletion or systemic activation of immature DCs in parenchymal tissues and lymphoid organs, leading to impaired pathogen detection and presentation. Later on, newly formed DCs acquire a poorly immunogenic phenotype, with poor capacity to capture, process and/or pres..

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