Journal article

Tobacco Usage in Uttarakhand: A Dangerous Combination of High Prevalence, Widespread Ignorance, and Resistance to Quitting

Nathan John Grills, Rajesh Singh, Rajkumari Singh, Bradley C Martin

BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL | HINDAWI LTD | Published : 2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Nearly one-third of adults in India use tobacco, resulting in 1.2 million deaths. However, little is known about knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) related to smoking in the impoverished state of Uttarakhand. METHODS: A cross-sectional epidemiological prevalence survey was undertaken. Multistage cluster sampling selected 20 villages and 50 households to survey from which 1853 people were interviewed. Tobacco prevalence and KAP were analyzed by income level, occupation, age, and sex. 95% confidence intervals were calculated using standard formulas and incorporating assumptions in relation to the clustering effect. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of tobacco usage, defined us..

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