Journal article

Transportation intensity, urbanization, economic growth, and CO2 emissions in the G-20 countries

Mak B Arvin, Rudra P Pradhan, Neville R Norman

UTILITIES POLICY | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2015

Abstract

This paper examines linkages among transportation intensity, the extent of urbanization, CO emissions, and economic growth. We use two measures of transportation intensity: (i) per-capita rates of utilization of air-passenger transport facilities and (ii) per-capita rates of utilization of air-freight transport facilities. By studying the G-20 countries over the period 1961-2012 and employing a panel vector auto-regressive model for detecting Granger causality, we find a network of causal connections among these four variables in the short run. We also find that economic growth tends to converge to its long-run equilibrium path in response to changes in the other variables. Our fundamental ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers