Association between direct measurement of active serum calcium and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A prospective study.
F Zaccardi, DR Webb, P Carter, D Pitocco, K Khunti, MJ Davies, S Kurl, JA Laukkanen
Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases | Published : 2015
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous prospective studies showing a positive association between serum calcium and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have relied on total calcium or an indirect estimate of active, ionized calcium (iCa). We aimed to assess this relationship using a direct measurement of iCa. METHODS AND RESULTS: iCa and cardiometabolic risk factors were measured in a population-based sample of 2350 men without a known history of T2DM at baseline. Associations between iCa levels and incident cases of T2DM (self-reported, ascertained with a glucose tolerance test, or determined by record linkage to national registers) were estimated using Cox regression analyses adjusted for ..View full abstract