An outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in an urban swimming pool: why are such outbreaks difficult to detect?
ME Hellard, MI Sinclair, CK Fairley, RM Andrews, M Bailey, J Black, SC Dharmage, MD Kirk
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH | PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOC AUSTRALIA INC | Published : 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe an outbreak of Cryptosporidium gastroenteritis in a swimming pool in Melbourne in early 1998 that was not detected through routine surveillance, and discuss difficulties in identifying such outbreaks. METHODS: The Water Quality Study (WQS) was a large community-based study of gastroenteritis. Following suspicion of an outbreak of cryptosporidiosis within the study group, due to pool "X", a nested case control study was performed. Each case of Cryptosporidium gastroenteritis was matched with six controls and data from weekly Health Diaries from the WQS were reviewed. The Department of Human Services also instigated active surveillance among patrons at pool "X" using a s..View full abstract